ELIOT, GEORGE°, pseudonym of Mary Ann Evans (1819–1880), English novelist. A Christian, George Eliot was a friend of the talmudic scholar emanuel deutsch , and began to study Hebrew and to show an interest in Jewish matters at an early age. Daniel Deronda (1874–76), her celebrated "Zionist" novel, was, however, her last great work of fiction. Possibly suggested by the career of Colonel A.E.W. goldsmid , the hero of this novel, after discovering his Jewish identity only in his 20s, eventually leaves for Palestine to help "revive the organic center" of his people's existence. Daniel Deronda influenced the early Zionist thinker eliezer ben-yehuda , and such Hebrew writers as I.L. Peretz and P. Smolenskin . Literary critics have severely criticized this novel complaining that the Zionist part is inflated, rhetorical, and not based on genuine observation. But it has been claimed that the author was writing a special kind of novel, dealing with the destinies of nations rather than individuals. George Eliot discussed the Jewish question again in "The Modern Hep-Hep," a strong attack on anti-Jewish prejudice published in a collection of essays entitled Theophrastus Such (1878). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: G. Eliot, Daniel Deronda, ed. by B. Hardy (1967), with introd.; D. Kaufmann, George Eliot and Judaism (1877); N. Sokolow, History of Zionism 1600–1918, 1 (1919), 209–13; idem, Hibbath Zion (Eng., 1934), 105–27; A. Moeller, George Eliots Beschaeftigung mit dem Judentum und ihre Stellung zur Judenfrage (1934); M.F. Modder, The Jew in the Literature of England (1939), index; F.R. Leavis, The Great Tradition (1948); E. Rosenberg, From Shylock to Svengali (1961); Fisch, in: 19th Century Fiction (March 1965); G.S. Haight, George Eliot, a Biography (1968); Leavis, in: Commentary, 30 (1960), 317–25. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Laski, George Eliot and Her World (1973); G. Levine (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to George Eliot (2001); S. Nurbhai, George Eliot, Judaism, and the Novels: Jewish Myth and Mysticism (2002); W. Baker, George Eliot and Judaism (1975). (Harold Harel Fisch)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Eliot,George — Eliot, George. Pen name of Mary Ann Evans. 1819 1880. British writer whose novels, all in the 19th century realist tradition, include Adam Bede (1859), Silas Marner (1861), and her masterpiece, Middlemarch (1871 1872). * * * …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — orig. Mary Ann Evans later Marian Evans born Nov. 22, 1819, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, Eng. died Dec. 22, 1880, London British novelist. Eliot was raised with a strong evangelical piety but broke with religious orthodoxy in her 20s. She worked …   Universalium

  • Eliot, George — (1819 1880)    George Eliot, the pseudonym of Mary Ann or Marian Cross (formerly, Evans) said to be one of the greatest novelists in England s history was born in Warwickshire. Her father was overseer to Arbury Hall, the Newdigate family s seven… …   British and Irish poets

  • Eliot, George — ► (1819 80) Seudónimo de Mary Ann Evans, escritora británica. Su gran sensibilidad y vasta cultura se reflejan en su obra, de alto valor estético y humano. Autora de Mediados de marzo (1871 72). * * * orig. Mary Ann Evans post. Marian Evans (22… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • ELIOT, GEORGE —    the nom de plume of Mary Ann Evans, distinguished English novelist, born at Arbury, in Warwickshire; was bred on evangelical lines, but by and by lost faith in supernatural Christianity; began her literary career by a translation of Strauss s… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Eliot, George (Mary Ann Evans) — (1819–80)    English novelist. Born in War wickshire of a lower middle class family, Mary Evans, writing under the male pseudonym George Eliot, is regarded as a precursor of Zionism. She was already an established novelist, after Mill on the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Eliot, George —  Pen name of Mary Ann (later Marian) Evans (1819–1880), English author …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Eliot, George — pseud. di Evans, Mary Ann …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Eliot, George —    see Evans, Mary Ann …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • George Fielding Eliot — (22 June 1894 – 21 April 1971) was a Second Lieutenant in the Australian army in World War I. He became a member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and later a Major in the Military Intelligence Reserve of the United States Army. He was the… …   Wikipedia

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